Information For Authors

General Author Guidelines and Formatting

Articles should be of general interest, to both primary and secondary care

  • References should be presented in the Vancouver style. No more than 25 references should be used. Manuscript should be typed in double spacing. The definitive article on the Vancouver system can be found in Journal of the American Medical Association or the New England Journal of Medicine “Journal article. Connors MM. Risk perception, risk taking and risk management among intravenous drug users: implications for AIDs prevention. Soc Sci Med 1992; 43(6):591-601”.
  • List all authors with qualifications
  • The origin of all photographs must be clearly marked and be acknowledged in the text. All copyright issues have to addressed by the authors
  • The origin of all tables and figures must be clearly marked. If from a source other than the author must be acknowledged in the text
  • A structured abstract is required under the headings of Objective, Design, Setting, Outcome Measures, Results & Conclusions. Up to five Key words and three key points should be included
  • It is the responsibility of the author to gain consent for all photographs and written permission to use tables, figures and any other material which has been previously published. It is also encouraged for authors to suggest a peer reviewer for their article
  • It would be preferable for every author to make a clear statement that there is no conflict of interest when submitting their article
  • All authors must declare if their article has been published elsewhere
  • At the end of each article, every author should clearly write their full name, degree, and include address for correspondence for the main author
  • A letter of acceptance will be sent within 48 hours of receipt of the article. The aim is to have a turnaround time three to four weeks for peer review.
  • The journal will be published in April, August, and November each year.
  • Author assistance in writing, editing, or criticism can be provided via the UHMH Library
  • Preparation of manuscript for each category
    Guest Editorials
    Guest Editorial is invited non-peer reviewed articles by the Editor in Chief, about a topical issue. These are in journalistic in format, but evidence based.
    Letter to editor
    Letters to The Editor are invited in response to the publishes articles. If there is a differing view or additional information they will be reviewed by the Authors and the response agreed with the Editor prior to publication
    Original Article
    Original Article: This is the most common type of article. It includes full reports of data from research. It is sometimes labelled Original Article or Original Research Article.
    The Original Article format is suitable for many different categories of studies. It must include structured abstract Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. Conclusions/recommendations, Acknowledgement(s) and References are essential. References should be limited to a maximum of 30 or the Editor will create a note at the end of article to state “full list of references available on request". This policy will be reviewed once MBMJ is fully online
    Service development or innovation (to include clinical audit): These articles should be between 2000-3000 words and may follow a very similar structure to research articles, depending on the focus. If the project is clinical audit, the authors should include information regarding the audit cycle, recognized practice standards, bench mark figures and clinical governance issues. This category encompasses original research work that can be used guide clinical decision making, policy within healthcare, education, and audit cycles.
    The MBMJ has utilised ‘service developments’ as a bit of a catch all for any article covering developments within organisation or department. This could be in relation to current events such as CV19.
    This section is where authors can present their viewpoints on particular studies or concepts. These articles should be based on constructive criticism and should be evidence based. These articles should encourage discussion on important scientific concepts. These articles may also include book reviews. Authors are normally invited to this section by the Editor.

    Clinical Review Articles/ Clinical Update
    Authors wishing to submit a review article should contact the Morecambe Bay Medical Journal, for decision on appropriateness. Student Special Study Modules from Lancaster University are considered in this section. Articles should be of interest to readers of the wider medical field. They should be supported by relevant recent updated guidelines. Word count should be 3000 words +/- 10%.
    Review articles are to be submitted to Editor for initial approval and appropriateness. Articles should be of interest to readers of the medical field and be supported relevant/new guidelines on the subject. References should be kept to a maximum of 30.
    Case Report
    Case Reports or Case series are considered an important educational message for the reader. They report specific instances of interesting medical scenarios. Relevant investigations such as imaging, electrocardiograms, and blood results should be included where appropriate. Patient consent must be included and images have to be in keeping with copyright policy.
    Medical Education
    Medical Education articles should be submitted to the student editor. Interesting cases, radiology findings and other educational articles. We currently have a medical series on how to approach undifferentiated acute cases in the clinical practice.
    Perspective pieces
    These are academic reviews of certain concepts or ideas prevalent in a speciality. These are usually essays that present a personal point of view and critiquing the subject . A perspective piece can be a review of a single multiple related concepts. Abstract not required. MBMJ Oxytocin issue Vol 8:10 Summer 2021 is an example.
    Medicine and Society
    Covers social aspects of medicine and health care, including medical sociology, anthropology, history, and ethics. Include historical articles. This section has been created to highlight development of National and Local NHS Healthcare history and policies.
    Materia non-medica
    Personal narrative, MBMJ news, UHMB news, Obituary, Biography



    Book review: The aim of a book review is to provide insight and opinion on recently published scholarly books. Book reviews are also relatively short articles and less time-consuming. Book reviews are a good publication option for early career researchers as it allows the researcher to stay abreast of new literature in the field, while at the same time, adding to his publication list.

    Short articles usually around 1000-1500 words that draw attention to or present a criticism of a previously published article, book, or report, explaining why it interested them and how it might be illuminating for readers. Books are usually suggested by the Editors. The aim of a book review is to provide insight and opinion on recently published scholarly books. Book reviews are a good publication option for early career researchers
    Summary Submission Preparation Checklist
    As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
    • Name and title of all authors
    • Qualification of all contributors
    • Contact email of main Author
    • Any images to be accompanied by Copyright consent or otherwise
    • Key words and abstract as appropriate
    • Tables/ figures to be labelled and legend provided
    • Patient consent has to be added to all images
    • Conflict of interest has to be declared for each author
    • References have to be in the Vancouver system
    • Instructions to Authors as published in every issue have to be adhered to
    • The word count can be varied depending on the article and the discretion of the Editor
    Submission of article is done online at:




    Peer review policy
    Peer Review Policy
    The MBMJ Peer Review Policy applies to all submissions apart from invited articles and materia non-medica. The process of Peer Review is linked partly to the website as most articles are now submitted online. The Editor is responsible for selecting an appropriate Peer Reviewer ie; from the same speciality, whether it is Primary Care or Secondary Care. There is a Peer Review checklist which is on the website. This checklist is sent with the article to the reviewer. Usually within 2 to 4 weeks a response is obtained and passed onto the Author. The Peer Reviewer is not disclosed to the Author and mostly the Author is not disclosed to the Peer Reviewer either. If a Peer Reviewer rejects an article, the Editor usually sends it for a second Peer Review, but mostly articles are published after a single Peer Review. The Peer Review Policy includes; checking the images for copyright as well as checking of the references. Some members of the Editorial Board also assist with Peer Review.
    If the Peer Reviewer has not responded within the first two weeks a reminder is sent to them; one is automated by the website; the other directly by the Editor. After Peer Review the article is sent for proof reading and if further queries are raised, they are addressed directly with the Author.
    Editorial Policy
    The Editorial Policy of the MBMJ is to avoid any form of managerial articles. The idea is for the Journal to be an academic vehicle rather than for any form of management platform. In the various sections that have been created, if there is any article/information that could be deemed conflicting or upsetting, as Editor, I take full responsibility for removing the article or deleting part of the article. The GDPR consent and copyright policy is strictly adhered to. The publishing company and publisher have been associated with MBMJ for the last 30 years and they contribute to the final production of the Journal.
    Privacy Statement
    Data Sharing Policy
    The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. MBMJ abides by the the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
    Statement of Human and Animal Rights
    All papers submitted to our Journal should declare agreement with the ‘statement of human and animal rights’. Authors must declare that they were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000, where applicable.
    Competing Interests
    The MBMJ requires authors to declare any competing interests in relation to their work.

    Informed Consent
    All research, case-report or article involving human subjects must obtain informed consent from participants (or their parent or guardian in the case of children under 16) and a statement to this effect should appear in the manuscript